Field, William Churchill, Joseph Stewart, and â¦ He then went on a fact-finding mission with Mason to determine whether there was more gold in California, where he said, “Stories reached us of fabulous discoveries, and spread throughout the land. And his brother Hoyt was a successfuâ¦ General Sherman Interesting Facts. I’ve been through two wars and I know. . He later signed on as the first superintendent of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy—the school that would become Louisiana State University. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820 - 1891) A True American Achiever One of the most colorful characters of the Civil War was a General named William T. Sherman. A William Sherman autograph can have all different price points. Family friends helped, and Sherman went to live with soon-to-be Ohio Senator Thomas Ewing. gold! But they didn’t stay long. His younger brother was John Sherman who later became a United States Senator. William T. Sherman. Sherman then launched his March to the Sea, a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of total destructionâ¦ Ulysses S. â¦ Slave Auction Business in Atlanta, 1864. Credit: George N. Barnard via Wikimedia (Public Domain). Colonel William Gates commanded the post and regiment, with First-Lieutenant William Austine as his adjutant. He was on the scene during a mission that confirmed the existence of rich gold deposits along the Sacramento River, and later penned the letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings. He helped convince military governor Richard Mason to investigate one of the first reported gold discoveries in California after two miners brought half an ounce of placer gold to his office. All Rights Reserved. At 16 years old he entered the United States Military Academy at West Point. Sherman was initially unconvinced, saying, "You might as well attempt to put out the flames of a burning house with a squirt-gun.” But he requested that his brother, Ohio Senator John Sherman, get him a commission as a colonel in the Army. In the aftermath of the Battle of Averasboro, William T. Sherman continued his march through the Carolinas, destroying railroads and disrupting supply lines on its way to join Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grantâs army near Petersburg & Richmond. William Tecumseh Sherman (known as “Cump” to his friends) was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on February 8, 1820. I’ve seen thousands of men lying on the ground, their dead faces looking up at the skies. Never an outstanding battle captain, he nevertheless won high honors by his talent for devising sweeping campaiâ¦ A simple William Sherman autograph letter signed during the Civil War can sell for $2,500 while an excellent one can sell for $10,000, plus or minus, depending on how great the content is. When the pair met up later that night after fending off Confederate attacks, historian Bruce Catton said, “He came on Grant, at last, at midnight or later, standing under the tree in the heavy rain, hat slouched down over his face, coat-collar up around his ears, a dimly glowing lantern in his hand, cigar clenched between his teeth. But one day the priest was told that Sherman “had never really been baptized.” After getting permission from Sherman’s mother, the priest asked for Sherman’s name. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Sherman was fond of the Ewings’ eldest daughter, Ellen, and frequently corresponded with her while at West Point. When Grant became president in 1869, Sherman was appointed Commanding General of the United States Army and promoted to General of the Army. Then, as now, neatness in dress and form, with a strict conformity to the rules, were the qualifications required for office, and I suppose I was found not to excel in any of these. When he accepted Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s surrender in Durham, North Carolina, in April 1865, Sherman offered very forgiving terms that granted general amnesty to the rebels and even allowed for the Southern states to immediately re-enter the Union upon swearing an oath of allegiance. 1. It would be better if some man [of] sanguine mind was here, for I am forced to order according to my convictions.”, Journalists covering his movements described that “it was soon whispered about that he was suffering from mental depression,” and that he was “a bundle of nerves all strung to their highest tension.” A December 11, 1861 headline from the Cincinnati Commercial [PDF] read, “General William T. Sherman Insane,” and another paper proclaimed, “General Sherman, who lately commanded in Kentucky, is said to be insane. Sherman's father died in 1829. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 â February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.Before the Civil War, he fought in the Mexican-American War and was the head of Louisiana State University.He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861â65). From high highs leading troops during the Civil War, to low lows in his business failures, he remains a controversial figure to this day. Most of the Sherman children were fostered out to live with other families.Sherman, nicknamed âCump,â was raised by John Ewing, a family friend â¦ Sherman’s blunt assessment of his experiences in the Civil War were summed up in a speech he gave to the graduating class of the Michigan Military Academy on June 19, 1879. Beauregard (who would both eventually serve on the Confederate side, as an officer and a general respectively). Some of our soldiers began to desert; citizens were fitting out trains of wagons and pack-mules to go to the mines. Sherman and his troops laid siege to Atlanta in late summer and burned much of the city before finally capturing it. After a relatively long courtship for the time, the pair eventually got married in 1850 while her father was the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. The plan meant the Confederates could only speculate about where Sherman and his 60,000-strong rampaging army were headed, but it also left the Union high command in the dark about the mission’s progress. Ohio native and Union general William T. Sherman lost the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in June 1864. Some sources say âWilliamâ was added later. William Tecumseh Sherman (* 8. While he proved a competent businessman, the move corresponded with the bursting of the Gold Rush bubble, and his branch collapsed in the ensuing financial hysteria. Of the long-time-coming occasion, Sherman, in his typical straightforward manner, simply wrote in his memoirs, “I was married to Miss Ellen Boyle Ewing, daughter of the Hon. He left along with Grant to find a restaurant that served oysters, but when they finally found one, their meal was cut short due to the Union-imposed military curfew. Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio Date of Death: February 14,1891 Cause: Pneumonia Place of Death: New York City Height: About 6 feet Nationality: American Ancestry: English Occupation before Civil War: Army Officer, banker, lawyer, superintendent of Louisiana State Seminary of Learning & Military Academy (now Louisiana State Univ,) Occupation during Civil War: Union Army General Occupâ¦ Everybody was talking of ‘Gold! Sixteen black soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor. Though published accounts differ, he allegedly told the cadets, “War is Hell!”, Some cite the speech as saying, “You don’t know the horrible aspects of war. Sherman and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston (Credit: Universal History Archive/Getty Images). William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier who rose to the rank of General during the American Civil war. Once back in good spirits, Sherman was assigned to Cairo, Illinois, where he served as the logistical coordinator for someone who would become his military confidante and good friend: Ulysses S. Grant. Capsule biography; West Point 1840; During Mexican War stationed in California. A relative later wrote that Sherman’s father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a “savage Indian name” by arguing, “Tecumseh was a great warrior.”. Who Was William Tecumseh Sherman? Following a long engagement, the two were married in 1850 in a Washington, D.C., ceremony attended by the likes of President Zachary Taylor, Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. Before leaving Atlanta, Sherman intentionally severed all telegraph links to the North to help shroud his moves in secrecy. His father died while William was still a boy and after his fatherâs death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. Sherman continued his harsh policies after becoming commanding general of the army in 1869, and by the 1870s, he had helped force most of the Plains peoples onto reservations. His birthplace was in Lancaster, Ohio. (He would eventually become one of the few high-ranking officers during the Civil War who didn’t fight in Mexico. Following his father's untimely death in 1829, Sherman was sent to live with the family of Thomas Ewing. Fellow cadet and eventual Civil War general William Rosecrans remembered Sherman as “one of the brightest and most popular fellows.”, Sherman's recollections of his school performance were quite different: He later wrote in his memoirs that “I was not considered a good soldier, for at no time was I selected for any office, but remained a private throughout the whole four years. Coupled with other early discoveries, Sherman and Mason’s fact-finding mission inadvertently set off a wave of gold fever in the United States. My average demerits, per annum, were about one hundred and fifty, which reduced my final class standing from four to six.”. William T. Sherman was a general in the Union Army. He died in New York on Feb. 14, 1891. 2. Er kämpfte auf Seiten der Nordstaaten. Sherman is mostly known for his use of "total war." Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton said Sherman’s leniency threw away “all the advantages we had gained from the war ... afford[ing] Jeff Davis an opportunity to escape with all his money.” Rhode Island Senator William Sprague IV even called for Sherman’s immediate removal from command. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864â65). © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. 16-year-old Sherman joined the United States Military Academy, and after graduation started his service as Second Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. The next month, he met with Lincoln, telling the president that he had an “extreme desire to serve in a subordinate capacity, and in no event to be left in a superior command.” Despite his wishes, Sherman was given second command of the Army of the Cumberland in Kentucky, where he fell into increasing levels of depression and nearly quit. Of the dangerous campaign, Sherman wrote to his superiors, saying, “I am going into the very bowels of the Confederacy, and will leave a trail that will be recognized fifty years hence.”, In fact, he was prejudiced: In 1860, he wrote, “All the Congresses on earth can’t make the negro anything else than what he is; he must be subject to the white man, or he must amalgamate or be destroyed. Sherman later helped write a letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings, effectively opening up California for prospectors. Nevertheless, the soldiers served with distinction in a number of battles," including those at Milliken's Bend and Port Hudson, Louisiana; Nashville, Tennessee; and Petersburg, Virginia. He vastly overestimated the size of Confederate forces in the region, griped in his dispatches to President Lincoln and appeared constantly on edge. Nevertheless, during the 1870s and 1880s, Washington D.C., movers and shakers often tried—and failed—to convince him to make a run at the presidency. This was part of the main reason why Sherman went to be raised by â¦ A despondent Sherman left the banking world for good in 1858. Despite failing in his career as a banker, Sherman was directly involved in the expansion of the California Gold Rush. The marriage ceremony was attended by a large and distinguished company, embracing Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, T.H. William T. Sherman was â¦ He was named after Tecumseh, the famous Shawnee leader. Upon reaching the sea, he sent a famous message to Lincoln that read: “I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah.”. Sherman looked at him; then, ‘moved,’ as he put it later, ‘by some wise and sudden instinct’ not to talk about retreat, he said: ‘Well, Grant, we've had the devil's own day, haven't we?’ Grant said ‘Yes,’ and his cigar glowed in the darkness as he gave a quick, hard puff at it, ‘Yes. A relative later wrote that Shermans father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a savage Indian â¦ After missing out on combat in the Mexican American War and enduring a series of lackluster assignments, Sherman left the military in 1853 to run a San Francisco bank. In 1829, his father, Ohio State Supreme Court justice Charles R. Sherman, died, and his mother, Mary Hoyt Sherman, couldn't support the children. William Tecumseh Sherman was born on February 8th, in 1820. After losing his father at the age of 9, Sherman was sent to live with Thomas Ewing, a renowned Ohio attorney and family friend who later served as a senator and the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. Johnston eventually agreed to a simple military surrender devoid of any civil guarantees. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. ), Citing his lack of experience, he resigned his commission in 1853 and set out to build a career in the private sector. To help cover their losses, he eventually liquidated some $20,000 worth of his own assets. William Tecumseh Sherman was a U.S. Civil War Union Army leader known for "Sherman's March," in which he and his troops laid waste to the South. After graduating from West Point, Sherman was assigned to fight in the Second Seminole War, and was primarily stationed in the South. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. Didn't do too well. Artillery. William Tecumseh Sherman seems to be a contradiction—a rough and tough orphan who hated military decorum but who went on to become one of the most important Union generals during the Civil War. Benton, President [Zachary] Taylor, and all his cabinet.” The newlyweds soon moved to St. Louis, Missouri. The General Sherman Tree located in Sequoia National Park in the "Giant Forest" bears his name and is reputed to be the largest tree in the world. The death of Shermanâs father when he was 9 left his mother a poor widow with 11 children. According to a biography [PDF] by Lloyd Lewis published in 1932, at birth Sherman was given the first name Tecumseh—for the Shawnee chief—and went by that name until he was about 9 or 10. Digital ID # cwpb 03379. Birthday: February 8, 1820 Birth Name: William Tecumseh Sherman. We heard of men earning fifty, five hundred, and thousands of dollars per day.”. William T. Sherman was born on February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio. In a stopover in Nashville, while he was contemplating strategy with Grant, Sherman and a group of generals took in a local performance of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Thomas Ewing, Secretary of the Interior. I’ve seen cities and homes in ashes. Sherman hadn’t wanted the role, and in short order, the weight of its responsibilities took a toll on his mental health. When the Republican National Convention of 1884 tapped him as a serious potential candidate, he sent them a straightforward rejection: “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” He died in 1891 of pneumonia. He was concerned that his force wasn’t strong enough to take on the Confederates, and with all the detachments he was sending to protect various areas, his force was weakened even further. 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